The Ephesus Museum is a rich and important museum for Ephesian and Anatolian archeology with artifacts from digs at Ephesus, The Basilica of St. John, Temple of Artemis, the Belevi Mausoleum and the other local ruins. Including artifacts from the Mycenian, Archaic and Turkish periods as well, the majority are from the Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine periods.
The Ephesus Museum is not designed according to chronological order, in a direct contradiction, each room has a composition pattern. For example the rooms are called as The House Findings Room,Terrace Houses Room, The Hall of The Fountain Relics, The Hall of The Funerary Relics, The Hall of Artemis, The Gladiators Section …
Highlights of the Ephesus Museum include two colossal statues of the Artemis of Ephesus. Both statues have the features like rows of bull testicles, thought to be breasts or eggs, but all symbolically related to the idea of fertility. There are two statues on display showing their former glory. These were found in the prythaneion dated back 1st century AD. One of is known as Great Artemis and the other is Beautiful Artemis.
Among other works of art, inside the museum there are the household items, including the bronze statue of Eros with the Dolphin, dating back to the 2nd-century, fountain and a faded 3rd-century fresco of Socrates. The fresco indicates the importance of philosophy in the daily life of the citizens. In this section the original statue of Bes is also exhibited in the museum, attached to an exaggerated erect penis. Bes was the protector of everything associated with motherhood and childbearing among the Egyptian gods.
During the Roman Empire, Ephesus hosted an important school of medicine. In the museum there is a collection of medical and cosmetic tools along with a wall of portraits of several famous Ephesian physicians, as well.
The statues of emperors, god and goddess are displayed in the museum These statues are belong to Pollio, Trajan and Laecanus fountains at Ephesus. The statues of “Odysseus-Polyphemos” which decorated the Pollio fountain. The other are statues of Aprodite and Dionysius which decorated the trajan fountain.
Foundation of Terrace houses are in first room of the Museum of Ephesus . In the first showcase are medical and cosmetic artifacts. The second case displays home religious cultic items. The most interesting thing is the ivory frieze which is indicated the war between the Roman and Parthians.
Museum has a garden also that fits in with the lo9cal architecture. The sarcophagus from the 2nd century is decorated with beautiful ornamentations. Along the West Wall of the garden there are grave and offering stones on display. The sundial in the center is in a half-moon shape.