Prythaneion at Ephesus

Ephesus Prytaneion

In ancient Greece Prytaneion means seat of government and was one of the official building. This building locates next to the Odeon and it was used for helding the receptions and banquets, religious ceremonies. Also Prytaneion was a sacred place as govermental temple where city had a eternel flame dedicated to goddes of holy fire, Greek Goddes Hestia or Roman Vestel. It sholud be kept always alight in the Prytaneion. The ensuring the city’s continued existence is represented by this eternal flame.

During the restoration some religious texts and the list of the names of Priests ( Kuretes / Curetes ) which were inscribed on patially raised 6 Doric columns, were found work in front of the Prytaneion. There some duties of Curetes. One of them was that the the sacred fire was kept alight at all times and was controlled by Kuretes ( Curetes ) everyday druing the year. The other was organizing the feasts given every year in honor of her twins Artemis and Apollo. The most important guests of the city and priviledged people were to attending to this feasts and the banquets which related to political-religious events in the grand hall of the Prytaneion were held.

Prytaneion Ephesus, The Prytaneum

The Prytaneum

During the Augustusan era it was changed as a complex but the building dates back to 3rd century BC. It had a courtyard surrounded by a portico in front of the building. The Town hall was located on the north and in the center with a red floor which determined the location of the sacred flame. There was an entrance to the Prytaneion from the North Stoa. The smaller chambers whose particular functions are unknown were adjacent to the north and west side of this grand hall.

Prythaneion Picture Gallery